Doctrine of Man – Part 6

13 Feb

The Being of Man – Part 2

B. Man is a Spirit

Job 32:8, “But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.”

1. The human spirit is given to man by God. Isaiah 42:5, “Thus saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:” Zechariah 12:1, “The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him.” Ecclesiastes 12:7, “Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.”

2. Having a spirit is principle to all animal and human life. Ecclesiastes 3:21, “Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?” (See also Ezekiel 1:20, 10:17)

3. The Lord is God over all spirits. Numbers 16:22, “And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and wilt thou be wroth with all the congregation?” Numbers 27:16, “Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,”

4. No human has any power to retain their spirit when the day of death comes. Ecclesiastes 8:8a, “There is no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither hath he power in the day of death:…” Hebrews 9:27, “And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:” The Father even knows when the sparrow falls to the ground (Matthew 10:29). Death comes to the body when the spirit departs from it. James 2:26, “For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.”

5. When Stephen died, he gave up his spirit. Acts 7:59, “And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.”

6. The little maid who died revived when her spirit came back into her. Luke 8:53-55, “And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead. And he put them all out, and took her by the hand, and called, saying, Maid, arise. And her spirit came again, and she arose straightway: and he commanded to give her meat.”

7. The “spirit” is also called the “ghost.” These two words come from the same Greek word. When Jesus died, he yielded up the ghost (Matthew 27:50; Mark 15:37-39; John 19:30). This was right after He said in Luke 23:46, “And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.” So, the spirit and the ghost are the same. Thus, the spirit is a very real invisible man or a ghost. Luke 24:37, “But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit.” The following also gave up the ghost when they died: Ananias in Acts 5:5; Sapphira in Acts 5:10; Herod in Acts 12:23.

8. The spirit is distinctly different from the soul. Hebrews 4:12a, “For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit,…” We will study the soul later. An animal is never said to have a soul in the Bible. Only humans have souls.

9. A spirit is a person, but without flesh and bones. Luke 24:39, “Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.”

10. The spirit of man is the seat of the mind, emotions and will. The mind pertains mainly to the spirit. Ephesians 4:23, “And be renewed in the spirit of your mind;” The conscience pertains to the mind. The processes of the mind and conscience affect a person’s emotions and will.

11. We may never completely understand the human spirit in this life. Ecclesiastes 11:5a declares, “As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit,…”

12. The Lord examines us by watching our inner person. The human spirit is the candle of the Lord. A candle is used for searching. By examining our spirit, the Lord knows what we are made of Proverbs 20:27, “The spirit of man is the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.”

13. Even though we cannot completely understand the human spirit, nor the ways of God, yet we are to take heed to our spirit. It is not to be neglected. Just as we are to take care of our body, so we should tend to our spirit. Malachi 2:15-16, “And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth. For the LORD, the God of Israel, saith that he hateth putting away: for one covereth violence with his garment, saith the LORD of hosts: therefore take heed to your spirit, that ye deal not treacherously.”

14. We are supposed to rule our spirit. Proverbs 16:32, “He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty; and he that ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city.” Proverbs 25:28, “He that hath no rule over his own spirit is like a city that is broken down, and without walls.”

15. A person who is born again is saved. Whereas, salvation has mostly to do with our souls, the spirit is also said to be saved and secured of a place in Heaven. 1 Corinthians 5:5, “To deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.” Hebrews 12:23, “To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,”

16. The spirit can be cleaned up in a person who desires to be sanctified. 2 Corinthians 7:1, “Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.” 1 Corinthians 7:34 tells us that the spirit can be made holy, “There is difference also between a wife and a virgin. The unmarried woman careth for the things of the Lord, that she may be holy both in body and in spirit: but she that is married careth for the things of the world, how she may please her husband.”

17. The Lord Jesus can be with our spirit. Galatians 6:18, “Brethren, the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen.” 2 Timothy 4:22, “The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you. Amen.” Philemon 1:25, “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen.” The Lord’s visitation of our spirit preserves a right spirit in us. Job 10:12, “Thou hast granted me life and favour, and thy visitation hath preserved my spirit.”

18. The Lord can make the human spirit new. Ezekiel 18:31, “Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel?”

19. He can also renew a right spirit within us when it goes bad. Psalm 51:10, “Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.”

Let us look further into the spirit of man by studying these 3 general statements:

1. The mind (and conscience) affect the spirit of man. Thoughts and understanding have an impact on the human spirit.

  • “The spirit of my understanding” Job 20:3
  • “My spirit made diligent search” Psalm 77:6
  • “A man of understanding is of an excellent spirit” Proverbs 17:27
  • “Forasmuch as an excellent spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, interpreting of dreams, and showing of hard sentences, and dissolving of doubts, were found in the same Daniel…” Daniel 5:12 (6:3)
  • “They also that erred in spirit shall come to understanding…” Isaiah 29:24
  • “And immediately when Jesus perceived in His spirit…” Mark 2:8
  • “The spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit…” Romans 8:16
  • “What man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him?” 1 Corinthians 2:11
  • “My spirit prayeth” 1 Corinthians 14:14-15
  • “I will sing with the spirit” 1 Corinthians 14:15
  • “The spirit of your mind” Ephesians 4:23

2. The human spirit effects the will.

  • “Everyone whom his spirit made willing” Exodus 35:21
  • “But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and followed me fully” Numbers 14:24
  • “hardened his spirit” Deuteronomy 2:30
  • “Neither was their spirit in them anymore” Joshua 5:1; 1 Kings 10:5; 2 Chronicles 9:4; Psalm 143:7
  • “That thou turnest they spirit against God” Job 15:13
  • “The spirit within me constraineth me” Job 32:18
  • “He that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter” Proverbs 11:13
  • “The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity” Proverbs 18:14
  • “The proud in spirit” Ecclesiastes 7:8
  • “With my spirit within me will I seek thee early” Isaiah 26:9
  • “And every spirit shall faint” Ezekiel 21:7
  • “The spirit indeed is willing” Matthew 26:41
  • “The spirit truly is ready” Mark 14:38
  • “The child grew, and waxed strong in the spirit” Luke 1:80, 2:40
  • “The wisdom and spirit by which he spake” Acts 6:10
  • “Paul purposed in the spirit” Acts 19:21
  • “Whom I serve with my spirit” Romans 1:9
  • “We should serve in newness of spirit” Romans 7:6
  • “Stand fast in one spirit” Philippians 1:27
  • “Be thou an example…in spirit” 1 Timothy 4:12

3. The human spirit affects the emotions/feelings.

  • troubled spirit – Genesis 41:8; Job 21:4; Daniel 2:13; John 13:21 (Note: Even Jesus was troubled in spirit, but never in heart.)
  • revived spirit – Genesis 45:27; Judges 15:19; 1 Samuel 30:12
  • anguish of spirit – Exodus 6:9; Job 7:11
  • sorrowful spirit – 1 Samuel 1:15
  • sad spirit – 1 Kings 21:5
  • stirred up spirit – 2 Chronicles 36:22; Ezra 1:1; Haggai 1:14; Acts 17:16
  • dried up spirit – Job 6:4; Isaiah 57:16
  • affected spirit – Job 26:4 (someone else’s spirit affects ours, rather than us doing our own thinking or feeling)
  • contrite spirit – Psalm 34:18; Isaiah 57:15, 66:2
  • broken spirit – Psalm 51:17; Proverbs 17:22
  • overwhelmed spirit – Psalm 77:3, 142:3, 143:4
  • provoked spirit – Psalm 106:33
  • hasty spirit – Proverbs 14:29; Ecclesiastes 7:9
  • breached spirit – Proverbs 15:4 (In Hebrew means “a fracture.”)
  • broken spirit – Proverbs 15:13
  • haughty spirit – Proverbs 16:18
  • humble spirit – Proverbs 16:19, 29:23; Isaiah 57:15
  • wounded spirit – Proverbs 18:14
  • vexed spirit – Ecclesiastes 1:17, 2:11,17,26,  3:26, 4:4,6,16, 6:9; Isaiah 65:14 (A vexed spirit is depression. It was Solomon’s pursuit of worldly happiness that led to his depression.)
  • patient spirit – Ecclesiastes 7:8
  • perverse spirit – Isaiah 19:14
  • grieved spirit – Isaiah 54:6; Daniel 7:15
  • heavy spirit – Isaiah 61:3
  • poor in spirit – Isaiah 66:2; Matthew 5:3
  • heated spirit – Ezekiel 3:14 (To be righteously angered or indignant.)
  • quieted spirit – Zechariah 6:8
  • rejoicing spirit – Luke 10:21
  • worshiping spirit – John 4:23-24; Philippians 3:3 (There must be feeling and emotion put into true worship of God.)
  • groaning in spirit – John 11:33
  • pressed in spirit – Acts 18:5
  • fervent in spirit – Acts 18:25
  • a present spirit – 1 Corinthians 5:3-4; Colossians 2:5 (Though absent in body, a person can be attached to a person or a situation emotionally.)
  • glorifying spirit – 1 Corinthians 6:20 (to glorify God that is)
  • refreshed spirit – 1 Corinthians 16:18; 2 Corinthians 7:13
  • restless spirit – 2 Corinthians 2:13
  • filthy spirit – 2 Corinthians 7:1
  • meek and quiet spirit – 1 Peter 3:4 (an ornament of great price in the sight of God, especially for a woman to have.)

All in all, there are about 98 references to the human spirit in the Old Testament, and about 52 references in the New Testament. It would do us well to take heed to our spirit and be aware of what affects it and how it affects us. May the Lord help us to keep our minds and consciences pure in His sight, and thus have a right spirit within us.

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Posted by on February 13, 2014 in God's Truth


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