II. The Humanity of Jesus Christ
Jesus was always divine and always will be. He became human around the year 4 B.C. Thus He is the “God-Man.” This section of our study is about His humanity.
Jesus is called the “Son of Man” in 84 references in the New Testament. He is called the “Son of God” on 46 occasions. Thus, His humanity is emphasized often for our sakes. Why? So that we can relate to Him and He can relate to us. Consider:
Hebrews 2:9-10 “But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man. For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.”
Hebrews 2:18 “For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.”
Hebrews 4:15-16 “For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.” Let us look at the humanity of Christ.
A. Jesus’ Incarnation – Incarnation means “to clothe with flesh.” This is declared plainly in the Scriptures:
Galatians 4:4 “But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,”
Philippians 2:8 “And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.”
I Timothy 2:5 “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;”
I Timothy 3:16 “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.”
This was brought about by the birth of Jesus Christ through a virgin named Mary. This was prophesied and fulfilled. Isaiah 7:14 “Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.”
Isaiah 9:6 “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.”
Luke 1:31 “And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.”
This birth was announced to Joseph by an angel of the Lord – Matthew 1:18-25 – and to Mary by the angel Gabriel – Luke 1:26-35 – before she ever became with child. She was a virgin and she abstained from sexual relations with Joseph, her espoused husband, until after Christ was born – Matthew 1:25. After Jesus was born, Mary had at least 6 children who were fathered by Joseph – Matthew 13:55-56; Mark 6:3. Jesus’ birth was a miracle with no human father involved!
God became flesh:
John 1:1, 14 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God…And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.”
Romans 1:3-4 “Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:”
Romans 8:3 “For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:”
Philippians 2:7 “But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:”
I John 4:2-3 “Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.”
2 John 1:7 “For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.”
A person cannot be right with God and deny the deity or humanity of Christ:
John 8:24 “I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins.”
To be saved, a person must acknowledge that Jesus is Lord. Romans 10:13 “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Acts 16:31 “And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.”
B. Jesus called Himself a Man
John 8:40 “But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham.”
Acts 2:22 “Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:” As noted earlier, He is called the “Son of Man” 84 times.
C. Jesus had common experiences with humanity:
1. He was a baby – Luke 2:12, 16
2. He was a child who grew physically, emotionally, mentally and spiritually – Luke 2:40; Luke 5:52
3. He was an adolescent who was subject to parents – Luke 2:42-51
4. He felt hunger – Luke 4:2
5. He needed sleep – Luke 8:23
6. He suffered sorrow – Matthew 26:37
7. He became weary – John 4:6
8. He suffered extreme infirmity and needed angels to minister to his weak body – Matthew 4:11; Mark 1:13 He had fasted for 40 days and He was in the wilderness with the wild beasts. He suffered horrendously before and on the cross – I Peter 3:18
9. He had emotions affected by the behavior of those around Him – John 11:33; Mark 3:5; John 12:27
10. He agonized – Luke 22:44
11. He ate – Luke 24:43
12. He thirsted – John 4:7, 19:28 There are many other examples in the New Testament of His partaking in humanity, including the fact that He died.
D. Jesus came through the lineage of David – Mary had to be married at the time of the birth, so Jesus would not be born of fornication. Her husband, Joseph’s, lineage was through David, and is recorded in Matthew 1:1-16 and Luke 3:23-38. He is called, “the Son of David” on 17 occasions in the New Testament.
E. Jesus Christ died on a cross for all mankind – His death is the fundamental theme of the gospels, and it is essential to our salvation. I Corinthians 15:1-4; John 3:14-16; I John 2:1-2; 2 Corinthians 5:14-15.
F. Jesus was buried in a borrowed tomb – He remained in that tomb for 3 literal and complete days and nights. Matthew 12:40; Matthew 27:57-60; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 24:50-55; John 19:38-42
G. Jesus rose from the grave – He arose in a body of flesh and bones. See Luke 24:3; Luke 24:39-43; John 20:5-7; John 20:27; Romans 6:9-10. He is alive forevermore.
H. Jesus ascended into Heaven – He literally ascended into Heaven where He sits at the right hand of the Father as our mediator, High Priest, and advocate. Hebrews 9:24; Luke 24:50-51; Acts 1:9; I Timothy 2:5; Hebrews 4:14-15; I John 2:1