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The Doctrine of Man – Part 10

VIII. The Human Heart

Without a doubt, the most often mentioned part of our being, and the most important part of our being is the heart. It is mentioned 600 times in the Old Testament! It is mentioned 103 times in the New Testament! The plural, “hearts,” is mentioned 54 times in the Old Testament and 61 times in the New Testament. Other forms of the heart besides these include:

  • Wise hearted – 7 times
  • Willing hearted – 1 time
  • Broken hearted – 2 times
  • Faint hearted – 3 times
  • Hard hearted – 1 time
  • Merry hearted – 1 time
  • Stiff hearted – 1 time
  • Stout hearted – 2 times
  • Tender hearted – 2 times
  • Heartily – 1 time
  • Hearty – 1 time

All in all, that comes to about 840 references in the Scriptures to the heart. Obviously, the heart of our being is the part of us that the Bible gives the most attention to, and we should do the same – Proverbs 4:23 “Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.” We are not speaking of the physical muscle, or pump, that circulates the blood in a person’s body. Almost without exception, the Scriptures refer to “the core of our being” when it refers to the heart.

Sometimes you will hear someone say, “with all my heart and with all my soul.” They mean “with all their being.” They do not say “with all my body and with all my spirit.” Those are often very shallow.

The heart is what we are – “For as he thinketh in his heart, so is he…,” Proverbs 23:7a.

The heart is what we say – “…for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh,” Matthew 12:34b.

The heart is what we will not do – Daniel 1:8, “But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the King’s meat, nor the wine which he drank.”

The heart is what we will do – 2 Corinthians 9:7, “Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.”

The heart is where evil originates from within us – Mark 7:21-23, “For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness: All these evil things come from within, and defile the man.”

The heart is the origin of a God-implanted faith that can believe unto righteousness – Romans 10:10, “For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.” Romans 6:17, “But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.”

Sufficeth to say, the heart is what we are, and who we are.

A. Hebrew words translated into the English word “heart” and their definitions, from the Old Testament:

1. Leb – the feelings, will, intellect of the heart or center of someone, the midst.

2. Lebab – the heart, the most interior.

3. Nephesh – the vitality, soul, heart.

4. Sekviy – the mind or heart.

5. Meah – the bowels, intestines, stomach.

6. Labab – to be enclosed.

7. Gereb – the center or nearest part.

8. Lebab (chaldee) – corresponding to the heart.

9. Bal – anxiety seated in the heart.

10. Libbah – the heart.

B. Greek words translated into the English word “heart” and their definitions, from the New Testament:

1. Kardia – the core of the thoughts or feelings. The Latin derivative of Kardia is cor from which we get the English word “core.” The heart is the core of our being.

2. Sklerokardia – hard-heartedness, destitute of spiritual perception.

3. Psuche – the soul as where the heart is seated.

4. Kardiognostes – one who knows hearts.

5. Apopsucho – to breathe out, the failure of the heart.

C. We are made in the image of God. God has a heart. Some examples include:

1. Genesis 6:6, “And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.”

2. Genesis 8:21, “And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake; for the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.”

3. Jeremiah 3:15, “And I will give you pastors according to mine heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding.” The Lord Jesus was troubled in spirit at times in His ministry. John 11:33, “When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her, he groaned in his spirit, and was troubled, ” John 13:21, “When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.”

The Lord Jesus was troubled in His soul once. John 12:27, “Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour.”

Never is it said that Jesus was troubled in heart. In fact, He taught the opposite: John 14:1, 27, “Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me. Peace I leave with you, my peace I unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid,” and also in Luke 24:38, “And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?”

Some things should trouble our spirits and our souls; things like our sins or our burdens. Nothing should be allowed to trouble our hearts.

If we obey the word of God, Jesus should be allowed to dwell in our hearts richly. Why then should the heart be troubles? Ephesians 3:16-19, “That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, to be strengthened with might by his Spirit in the inner man; That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, May be able to comprehend with all saints what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.”

 
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Posted by on March 7, 2014 in God's Truth

 

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The Doctrine of Man – Part 8

VI. The Mind of Man

The word “mind” comes from 6 different Hebrew words (Old Testament), and 17 different Greek words (New Testament).

A. Hebrew Words:

1. Nephesh – usually translated “soul,” so the mind relates to the soul

2. Ruwach – usually translated “spirit,” so the mind relates to the spirit

3. Peh – the “mouth,” the mind affects and relates to the mouth, it fashions the words we say

4. Leb – the “heart,” the mind relates to and affects the heart

5. Lebab – the “heart,” as the most interior organ, the midst, the core of our being

6. Yetser – the “conception” or “imagination”

B. Greek Words”

1. Dianoia – deep thought, imagination

2. Sophroneo – sound mind, right mind, sober mind

3. Sophronismos – discipline, self-control, sound mind

4. Anamimnesko – to remind, recollect, remember

5. Nous – meaning, the intellect, will

6. Phroneo – to exercise the mind, exercise or have a sentiment, opinion, to interest oneself in

7. Phronema – Inclination or purpose

8. Homothumadon – unanimously, with one accord

9. Epanamimnesko – to remind of, put in mind

10. Prothumia – predisposition, forwardness of mind (as in convictions)

11. Prothumos – willingly

12. Psuche – usually translated (spirit) The mind relates to and affects the spirit.

13. Tapeinophrosune – humiliation of mind, humility, modesty

14. Hupomimnesko – to remind quietly, to suggest to the memory

15. Gnome – opinion, resolve by counsel or consent, advice, judgement, purpose

16. Homophron – like-minded, harmonious

17. Ennoia – thoughtfulness, intent, understanding.

Thus, the mind can produce thoughts, imaginations, concepts, opinions, discipline, self-control, recollection, remembrance, meaning, intellect, will, sentiments, interests, inclinations, purpose, predispositions, humility, modesty, resolve, advise, judgement, intent, understanding, etc. The truth is: Only God can understand the potential of the human mind, for He created it a masterpiece. It is generally agreed that the average human only uses a fraction of his mind’s potential in his life.

C. Types of Minds Mentioned in Scripture:

1. The steadfast mind – Ruth 1:8

2. The carnal mind (fleshly-minded) – Romans 8:6-7

3. The spiritual mind – Romans 8:6

4. The sober mind – Titus 2:6 (Gaining in Godly intelligence and stability)

5. The double mind (mind on God sometimes, on the world other times) – James 1:8, 4:8

6. The despiteful mind – Ezekiel 36:5

7. The blinded mind (has not heard the Gospel) – 2 Corinthians 3:14, 4:4

8. The corrupted mind – 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Timothy 6:5; 2 Timothy 3:8

9. The kept mind (kept by the peace of God through prayer) – Philippians 4:7

10. The quitting mind (fainting begins in the mind) – Hebrews 12:3

11. The pure mind – 2 Peter 3:1

12. The feeble mind – 1 Thessalonians 5:14

13. The high-minded – Romans 11:20; 1 Timothy 6:17; 2 Timothy 3:4; Romans 12:16

14. The like-minded – Romans 15:5; Philippians 2:2, 2:20; Romans 15:16; 2 Corinthians 13:11

15. The unmindful – Deuteronomy 32:18

16. The grieved mind – Genesis 26:35

17. The sorrowful mind – Deuteronomy 28:65

18. The willing mind – 1 Chronicles 28:9; Nehemiah 4:6; 2 Corinthians 8:12

19. The single mind – Job 23:13

20. The wicked mind – Proverbs 21:27

21. The uttered mind (always have their mouth in gear) – Proverbs 29:11

22. The alienated mind – Ezekiel 23:17, 18, 22, 28; Colossians 1:21

23. The hardened mind – Daniel 5:20

24. The changed mind – Habakkuk 1:11

25. The whole mind – Matthew 22:37; Mark 12:30, Luke 10:27

26. The right mind – Mark 5:15; Luke 8:35

27. The pondering mind – Luke 1:29

28. The doubtful mind – Luke 12:29

29. The ready mind – Acts 17:11; 2 Corinthians 8:19; 1 Peter 5:2

30. The humble mind – Acts 20:19; Colossians 3:12

31. The reprobate mind – Romans 1:28

32. The serving mind – Romans 7:25

33. The fleshly mind – Romans 8:5; Colossians 2:18

34. The renewed mind – Romans 12:2; Ephesians 4:23

35. The same mind – Romans 12:16; 1 Corinthians 1:10; Philippians 1:27, 2:2, 4:2; 1 Peter 3:8, 4:1; Rev. 17:13

36. The persuaded mind – Romans 14:15

37. The fervent mind – 2 Corinthians 7:7

38. The forward mind – 2 Corinthians 9:2

39. The desiring mind – Ephesians 2:3

40. The vain mind – Ephesians 4:17

41. The lowly mind – Philippians 2:3

42. The Christ-like mind – Philippians 2:5

43. The earthly mind – Philippians 3:19

44. The shaken mind – 2 Thessalonians 2:2

45. The sound mind – 2 Timothy 1:7

46. The defiled mind – Titus 1:15

47. The law-filled mind – Hebrews 8:10

48. The wise mind – Revelation 17:9

49. The stayed mind – Isaiah 26:3

As we can see, there are many types of minds that a person can have, some good, some bad. For the sake of emphasis, the most important types of mind to have would include, but not limited to:

  • The whole mind – Mark 12:30 “And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.”
  • The spiritual mind – Romans 8:6 “For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.”
  • The stayed mind – Isaiah 26:3 “Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on thee: because he trusteth in thee.”
  • The law-filled mind – Hebrews 8:10 “For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:”
  • The pure mind – 2 Peter 3:1 “This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance:”
  • The Christ-like mind – Philippians 2:5 “Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:”
  • The lowly mind – Philippians 2:3 “Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves.”
 
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Posted by on February 25, 2014 in God's Truth

 

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The Doctrine of Jesus – Part 5

II. The Humanity of Jesus Christ

Jesus was always divine and always will be. He became human around the year 4 B.C. Thus He is the “God-Man.” This section of our study is about His humanity.

Jesus is called the “Son of Man” in 84 references in the New Testament. He is called the “Son of God” on 46 occasions. Thus, His humanity is emphasized often for our sakes. Why? So that we can relate to Him and He can relate to us. Consider:

Hebrews 2:9-10 “But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man. For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.”

Hebrews 2:18 “For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.”

Hebrews 4:15-16 “For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.” Let us look at the humanity of Christ.

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A. Jesus’ Incarnation – Incarnation means “to clothe with flesh.” This is declared plainly in the Scriptures:

Galatians 4:4 “But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,”

Philippians 2:8 “And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.”

I Timothy 2:5 “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;”

I Timothy 3:16 “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.”

This was brought about by the birth of Jesus Christ through a virgin named Mary. This was prophesied and fulfilled. Isaiah 7:14 “Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.”

Isaiah 9:6 “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.”

Luke 1:31 “And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.”

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This birth was announced to Joseph by an angel of the Lord – Matthew 1:18-25 – and to Mary by the angel Gabriel – Luke 1:26-35 – before she ever became with child. She was a virgin and she abstained from sexual relations with Joseph, her espoused husband, until after Christ was born – Matthew 1:25. After Jesus was born, Mary had at least 6 children who were fathered by Joseph – Matthew 13:55-56; Mark 6:3. Jesus’ birth was a miracle with no human father involved!

God became flesh:

John 1:1, 14 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God…And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.”

Romans 1:3-4 “Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:”

Romans 8:3 “For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:”

Philippians 2:7 “But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:”

I John 4:2-3 “Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.”

2 John 1:7 “For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.”

A person cannot be right with God and deny the deity or humanity of Christ:

John 8:24 “I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins.”

To be saved, a person must acknowledge that Jesus is Lord. Romans 10:13 “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Acts 16:31 “And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.”

B. Jesus called Himself a Man

John 8:40 “But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham.”

Acts 2:22 “Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:” As noted earlier, He is called the “Son of Man” 84 times.

C. Jesus had common experiences with humanity:

1. He was a baby – Luke 2:12, 16

2. He was a child who grew physically, emotionally, mentally and spiritually – Luke 2:40; Luke 5:52

3. He was an adolescent who was subject to parents – Luke 2:42-51

4. He felt hunger – Luke 4:2

5. He needed sleep – Luke 8:23

6. He suffered sorrow – Matthew 26:37

7. He became weary – John 4:6

8. He suffered extreme infirmity and needed angels to minister to his weak body – Matthew 4:11; Mark 1:13 He had fasted for 40 days and He was in the wilderness with the wild beasts. He suffered horrendously before and on the cross – I Peter 3:18

9. He had emotions affected by the behavior of those around Him – John 11:33; Mark 3:5; John 12:27

10. He agonized – Luke 22:44

11. He ate – Luke 24:43

12. He thirsted – John 4:7, 19:28 There are many other examples in the New Testament of His partaking in humanity, including the fact that He died.

D. Jesus came through the lineage of David – Mary had to be married at the time of the birth, so Jesus would not be born of fornication. Her husband, Joseph’s, lineage was through David, and is recorded in Matthew 1:1-16 and Luke 3:23-38. He is called, “the Son of David” on 17 occasions in the New Testament.

E. Jesus Christ died on a cross for all mankind – His death is the fundamental theme of the gospels, and it is essential to our salvation. I Corinthians 15:1-4; John 3:14-16; I John 2:1-2; 2 Corinthians 5:14-15.

F. Jesus was buried in a borrowed tomb – He remained in that tomb for 3 literal and complete days and nights. Matthew 12:40; Matthew 27:57-60; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 24:50-55; John 19:38-42

G. Jesus rose from the grave – He arose in a body of flesh and bones. See Luke 24:3; Luke 24:39-43; John 20:5-7; John 20:27; Romans 6:9-10. He is alive forevermore.

H. Jesus ascended into Heaven – He literally ascended into Heaven where He sits at the right hand of the Father as our mediator, High Priest, and advocate. Hebrews 9:24; Luke 24:50-51; Acts 1:9; I Timothy 2:5; Hebrews 4:14-15; I John 2:1

 

 
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Posted by on December 14, 2013 in God's Truth

 

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The Doctrine of Heaven – Part 6

John’s Witness of the Third Heaven – Part 2

  • Vision101There is a seven-sealed scroll in Heaven, waiting to be opened. Not one person in Heaven is worthy to open this book (scroll) or to even look at it. Jesus alone is worthy, and He will open it in the future – Revelation 5:1-7 “And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals. And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof? And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon. And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon. And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof. And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth. And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.”
  • Jesus is described as a Lion who will conquer satan and evil. He is also described as a Lamb slain to satisfy all of the will of God. This Lamb has seven horns. These horns represent the power that He has to execute all of the will of God. The seven eyes represent Jesus’ wisdom to understand all of the will of God. He has been given the Holy Spirit without measure. He is the only one who ever approaches the throne in Heaven and takes the Book.
  • There is universal worship of God and the Lamb, Jesus Christ, in Heaven. Jesus is described as a “Lamb” with a capital “L” on 30 different occasions in the New Testament. Two of them refer to Him while on earth – John 1:29, 36 “The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world…And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb of God!” The other 28 references refer to Him in Heaven. Thank God when we see Christ in Heaven, we will meet Him as the Lamb. This shows that meekness always wins in the end.
  • The beasts, the elders, all angels, and all people worship God – Revelation 5:8, 11-14 “And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints…And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing. And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever. And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.”
  • There are harps in Heaven – Rev. 5:8
  • There are golden vials full of odors (perfume) which are the prayers of the saints – Rev. 5:8
  • There is singing in Heaven. The theme is redemption through the blood of Jesus Christ – Rev. 5:9 “And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;”
  • The Gospel has worked on earth and there are people out of every kindred, tongue, people, and nation. Heaven is full of people who will rule and reign with Christ; a people place – Rev. 5:10 “And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.”
  • There is a loud voice of worship in Heaven – Rev. 5:11, 12 “And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.” John numbers the angels present as 100 million “ten thousand times ten thousand” and thousands of thousands. Paul used the word “innumerable” to describe the angels he saw – Hebrews 12:22 “But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,”
  • All of the creatures of God’s creation are heard worshiping God in Heaven – Rev. 5:13 “And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.” Everyone in Heaven and out of Heaven will worship God some day – compare the wording of this verse with Philippians 2:10,11 “That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” How and when this will happen, we do not know. It may happen often.
  • The martyrs will be in Heaven – Rev. 6:9-11 “And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth? And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled.”
  • There are still questions in Heaven – Rev. 6:10 “And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?”
  • There is rest in Heaven – Rev. 6:11 “And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled.”

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Revelation 5:

1   And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.
2   And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof?
3   And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon.
4   And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon.
5   And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.
6   And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.
7   And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.
8   And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints.
9   And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
10   And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
11   And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands;
12   Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.
13   And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.
14   And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.”

Revelation 6:

1   And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see.
2   And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.
3   And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second beast say, Come and see.
4   And there went out another horse that was red: and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great sword.
5   And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third beast say, Come and see. And I beheld, and lo a black horse; and he that sat on him had a pair of balances in his hand.
6   And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley for a penny; and see thou hurt not the oil and the wine.
7   And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth beast say, Come and see.
8   And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.
9   And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held:
10   And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?
11   And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled.
12   And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;
13   And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.
14   And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.
15   And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains;
16   And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:
17   For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?”

 
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Posted by on August 8, 2013 in God's Truth

 

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The Doctrine of Heaven – Part 1

Introduction

Deuteronomy 10:14 “Behold, the heaven and the heaven of heavens is the LORD’s thy God, the earth also, with all that therein is.”

All of the heavens and heaven belong to God. The earth belongs to God, and we belong to God. The thief, satan, tries to steal them from God and claim ownership. Yet God is the Maker and Owner of all things. Heaven is the Lord’s. The word “Heaven” comes from the Greek word “ouranos” (oo-ran-os). Thus, the Doctrine of Heaven is called Ouranology.

What does heaven mean? The word heaven means “lofty” or “elevation.” Heaven is used in the Bible 551 times. It is used 313 times in the Old Testament, and 238 times in the New Testament. Consider that hell is mentioned only 54 times in the Bible. The Bible speaks of Heaven over 10 times more than it does hell. Hell was created for satan and his minions. Heaven is where God wants us all to end up! Let us rejoice in that fact. Be sure that you are saved from your sins, so that you can go to our Heavenly home some day!

The word heavens (plural) appears an additional 127 times in our King James Bible (it, along with many other words and verses have been removed or changed in the other corrupt versions of the Bible). Thus, the total times heaven is mentioned is 678 times.

God the Father 21

I. The Creation of the Heavens

  • The heavens were made by God

Genesis 1:1, “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.” They did not always exist as God has. They were made. Their making marked “the beginning.”

Nehemiah 9:6 “Thou, even thou, art LORD alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee.”

  • They were made by the Son of God

Colossians 1:16 “For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:”

  • They were made by the Holy Spirit

Job 26:13 “By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent.”

  • They were made by the Word of the Lord

Psalm 33:6 “By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.”

The whole Trinity was involved in the creation of Heaven. They spoke it into existence. Man cannot speak anything into existence, but God can. That is the power of His Word. God uses His Word to do His work! We should do the same!

Holy Trinity

Next Entry will begin study of “The Three Heavens.”

 
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Posted by on July 20, 2013 in God's Truth

 

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Doctrine of Death – Part 7

the gates of hell

the gates of hell (Photo credit: mararie)

XI. What happens when New Testament Sinners Die? Jesus continued to propound the doctrine of hell throughout His public ministry. He strongly warned people to repent, to be sure they did not go there. Matthew 5:22 – “But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.”

Matthew 5:29-30 – “And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell. And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.”

Matthew 10:28 “And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.”

Matthew 18:8-9 “Wherefore if thy hand or thy foot offend thee, cut them off, and cast them from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life halt or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet to be cast into everlasting fire. And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire.”

Matthew 23:33 “Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?”

I could list many other verses here. These are just a handful from Matthew. Those who die today without Christ, join those of old who died without faith in the Lord. They are suffering in hell, which is located in the lower parts of the earth. I recently saw a news clip on the television of some protestors where and a man was dressed like a cartoon satan – all red with horns, etc. He held a sign saying something like, I can’t wait to party with satan in hell. How very sad that some are so horribly deceived by God’s enemy.

XII. What happens when New Testament saints die? First, our bodies go into the grave awaiting the resurrection. Note the differences between our current bodies and our resurrected bodies: “But some man will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come? Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die: And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain: But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body. All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds. There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another. There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory. So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption: It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power: It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body. And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual. The first man is of the earth, earthy; the second man is the Lord from heaven. As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.” (1 Corinthians 15:35-49)

Heaven

This new glorified body will be created anew at the instant of the rapture. 1 Corinthians 15:51-52 –  “Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.”

One of my very favorite passages of Scripture: 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 – ” But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. Wherefore comfort one another with these words.”

Philippians 3:20-21 – “For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ: Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.”

Second, Saved Saints’ spirits and souls go upward to be with God in Heaven immediately upon our death. There is no soul sleeping or waiting. Remember, when Jesus died, His spirit went immediately up to the Father in Heaven. Jesus never ceased to exist. His physical body died. His soul and spirit did not. His soul went into hell – Acts 2:27, 31 – “Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption;” “He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.” His spirit went up to the Father – Luke 23:46 – “And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.” Likewise, our spirits and souls go upward to be with God immediately upon our death.

Ecclesiastes 3:21 – “Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?” Ecclesiastes 12:7 – “Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.” Philippians 1:21-23 – “For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain. But if I live in the flesh, this is the fruit of my labour: yet what I shall choose I wot not. For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:” 2 Corinthians 5:6-9 – “Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord: (For we walk by faith, not by sight:) We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord. Wherefore we labour, that, whether present or absent, we may be accepted of him.”

Old Testament saints sent into Hades (Abraham’s Bosom) for a time of rest. We covered this under Point IX. New Testament saints go directly to heaven upon their death – Luke 23:42-43 – “And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.” John 14:3 – “And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also. Jesus’ words in John 17:24 – “Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.” 2 Peter 1:11 – “For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.”

Just a thought: If the Old Testament saints were emptied out of Hades and taken to Heaven, and the New Testament saints go directly to Heaven, then seances (the practice of bringing up saints or departed loved ones) are a farce. I believe it is highly likely that those so-called spirits they are calling up are demons.

XIII. Conclusion of The Doctrine of Death – What is the Second Death? The second death is mentioned in three texts of the Book of Revelation:

Revelation 2:11 – “He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.”

Revelation 20:6 – “Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.”

Revelation 20:11-15 – “And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.”

The first death is a physical death, when the spirit leaves the body. The second death is an eternal death; a spiritual death, being banished forever from the presence of God in an eternal lake of fire. Hell will be cast into the lake of fire. Hence, hell is like a holding center. Then the guilty go to judgment, are sentenced, and go to the lake of fire which is like a prison; a permanent abode. Some religions teach that we ought to pray our loved ones into Heaven after they die and go to the “waiting area.” According to God’s Word, getting someone out of hell is beyond our control. They are there to stay because they chose to reject Jesus Christ as Saviour.

2 Thessalonians 1:6-9 – “Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;”

This is a very fearful thing, and it is repulsive to our human nature. No one of us comes close to understanding how unutterably holy God is, and how great His hatred is toward sin and rebellion. We should make an effort to understand this: 2 Corinthians 5:11 – “Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men; but we are made manifest unto God; and I trust also are made manifest in your consciences.”

When we begin to understand how holy and perfect God is, it makes us wonder how He could let any of us into Heaven! 1 Peter 4:17-18 – “For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God? And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?”

PRAISE THE LORD FOR JESUS CHRIST OUR SAVIOUR! We who are saved need not fear the second death. Again: “Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.” (Revelation 20:6)

Michael defeats Satan 07

Michael defeats Satan 07 (Photo credit: Waiting For The Word)

For whomever may be reading this: If you have not yet made your calling to Christ sure, I beg you with all of my heart to please repent and turn to Christ. Do not be deceived! PLEASE CLICK ON THE TAB, “THE ONLY WAY” AT THE TOP OF THIS BLOG AND FOLLOW GOD’S PATH TO SALVATION. DO IT TODAY, FOR JESUS’ RETURN IS SO VERY NEAR, EVEN AT THE DOOR! You do not have to be cast into hell which was made for satan and his minions.

The next Doctrinal Series study will be on “The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit.”

 
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Posted by on May 4, 2013 in God's Truth

 

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Doctrine of Death – Part 6

Gutenberg Bible - detail from the Old Testament

Gutenberg Bible – detail from the Old Testament (Photo credit: National Library of Scotland)

IX. What happened when Old Testament Saints died? There is an interesting statement found on 11 occasions in the Old Testament. It speaks of one dead as being “gathered to his people.” This phrase is never used in the New Testament. Here are a few examples: “Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full of years; and was gathered to his people.” (Genesis 25:8) “And these are the years of the life of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people.” (Genesis 25:17) “And die in the mount whither thou goest up, and be gathered unto thy people; as Aaron thy brother died in mount Hor, and was gathered unto his people:” (Deuteronomy 32:50)

That statement has perplexed Bible students for years. Some believe it just means that the dead body becomes the possession of the living relatives to bury where they want. Others believe the statement refers to an afterlife reunion with loved ones.

Some of the newer “per-versions” of the Bible do not tackle the subject at all – they just delete these words without any explanation. Matthew Henry in his commentary explains it this way, “His body was gathered to the congregation of the dead, and his soul to the congregation of the blessed.” Where was this gathering of Old Testament saints? It was to the place referred to by Christ in Luke 16:19-31. As you read it, notice the 6 references to Abraham:

“There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day: And there was a certain beggar named Lazarus, which was laid at his gate, full of sores, And desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man’s table: moreover the dogs came and licked his sores. And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham’s bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried; And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom. And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame. But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented. And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that would come from thence. Then he said, I pray thee therefore, father, that thou wouldest send him to my father’s house: For I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment. Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them. And he said, Nay, father Abraham: but if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent. And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.”

Christian views on Hell

Christian views on Hell (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This word hell comes from “Hades” which means “the place of departed souls.” It appears to be in 2 compartments within eyesight of each other. One for the damned, a place of torment. The other for the blessed, a place of comfort. The Old Testament saints were considered “captives” of that place within the heart of the earth until Jesus came and led them out at His Resurrection. Jesus’ soul went into hell (Hades) when He died: “Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.” (Acts 2:27) “He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.” (Acts 2:31) “For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” (Matthew 12:40)

This intriguing story of Samuel shows us how he was brought up from the lower parts of the earth by the request of King Saul with the help of the witch of Endor. “Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee? And he said, Bring me up Samuel. And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice: and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me? for thou art Saul. And the king said unto her, Be not afraid: for what sawest thou? And the woman said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of the earth. And he said unto her, What form is he of? And she said, An old man cometh up; and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground, and bowed himself. And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do.” (1 Samuel 28:11-15) Samuel said he was “disquieted” when he was brought up. He appeared to have been in quiet comfort, resting. This would reconcile Christ’s teaching about Hades with Abraham, who was comforted.

X. What happened when Old Testament sinners died? People in the Old Testament days were either converted or unconverted – Psalm 51:13 “Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee.” The truths that we saw under the last point also apply here. These departed souls also go into Hades (hell), but into the place of torment where the Rich Man was – see Luke 16:19-31 again. The Old Testament saints were resurrected when Jesus rose from the grave. They ascended into Heaven. Those that were sinners remained in the same place. There is no reference to them ever coming out.

 
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Posted by on April 20, 2013 in God's Truth

 

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