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The Doctrine of Jesus – Part 5

II. The Humanity of Jesus Christ

Jesus was always divine and always will be. He became human around the year 4 B.C. Thus He is the “God-Man.” This section of our study is about His humanity.

Jesus is called the “Son of Man” in 84 references in the New Testament. He is called the “Son of God” on 46 occasions. Thus, His humanity is emphasized often for our sakes. Why? So that we can relate to Him and He can relate to us. Consider:

Hebrews 2:9-10 “But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man. For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.”

Hebrews 2:18 “For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.”

Hebrews 4:15-16 “For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.” Let us look at the humanity of Christ.

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A. Jesus’ Incarnation – Incarnation means “to clothe with flesh.” This is declared plainly in the Scriptures:

Galatians 4:4 “But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,”

Philippians 2:8 “And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.”

I Timothy 2:5 “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;”

I Timothy 3:16 “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.”

This was brought about by the birth of Jesus Christ through a virgin named Mary. This was prophesied and fulfilled. Isaiah 7:14 “Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.”

Isaiah 9:6 “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.”

Luke 1:31 “And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.”

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This birth was announced to Joseph by an angel of the Lord – Matthew 1:18-25 – and to Mary by the angel Gabriel – Luke 1:26-35 – before she ever became with child. She was a virgin and she abstained from sexual relations with Joseph, her espoused husband, until after Christ was born – Matthew 1:25. After Jesus was born, Mary had at least 6 children who were fathered by Joseph – Matthew 13:55-56; Mark 6:3. Jesus’ birth was a miracle with no human father involved!

God became flesh:

John 1:1, 14 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God…And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.”

Romans 1:3-4 “Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:”

Romans 8:3 “For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:”

Philippians 2:7 “But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:”

I John 4:2-3 “Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.”

2 John 1:7 “For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.”

A person cannot be right with God and deny the deity or humanity of Christ:

John 8:24 “I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins.”

To be saved, a person must acknowledge that Jesus is Lord. Romans 10:13 “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Acts 16:31 “And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.”

B. Jesus called Himself a Man

John 8:40 “But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham.”

Acts 2:22 “Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:” As noted earlier, He is called the “Son of Man” 84 times.

C. Jesus had common experiences with humanity:

1. He was a baby – Luke 2:12, 16

2. He was a child who grew physically, emotionally, mentally and spiritually – Luke 2:40; Luke 5:52

3. He was an adolescent who was subject to parents – Luke 2:42-51

4. He felt hunger – Luke 4:2

5. He needed sleep – Luke 8:23

6. He suffered sorrow – Matthew 26:37

7. He became weary – John 4:6

8. He suffered extreme infirmity and needed angels to minister to his weak body – Matthew 4:11; Mark 1:13 He had fasted for 40 days and He was in the wilderness with the wild beasts. He suffered horrendously before and on the cross – I Peter 3:18

9. He had emotions affected by the behavior of those around Him – John 11:33; Mark 3:5; John 12:27

10. He agonized – Luke 22:44

11. He ate – Luke 24:43

12. He thirsted – John 4:7, 19:28 There are many other examples in the New Testament of His partaking in humanity, including the fact that He died.

D. Jesus came through the lineage of David – Mary had to be married at the time of the birth, so Jesus would not be born of fornication. Her husband, Joseph’s, lineage was through David, and is recorded in Matthew 1:1-16 and Luke 3:23-38. He is called, “the Son of David” on 17 occasions in the New Testament.

E. Jesus Christ died on a cross for all mankind – His death is the fundamental theme of the gospels, and it is essential to our salvation. I Corinthians 15:1-4; John 3:14-16; I John 2:1-2; 2 Corinthians 5:14-15.

F. Jesus was buried in a borrowed tomb – He remained in that tomb for 3 literal and complete days and nights. Matthew 12:40; Matthew 27:57-60; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 24:50-55; John 19:38-42

G. Jesus rose from the grave – He arose in a body of flesh and bones. See Luke 24:3; Luke 24:39-43; John 20:5-7; John 20:27; Romans 6:9-10. He is alive forevermore.

H. Jesus ascended into Heaven – He literally ascended into Heaven where He sits at the right hand of the Father as our mediator, High Priest, and advocate. Hebrews 9:24; Luke 24:50-51; Acts 1:9; I Timothy 2:5; Hebrews 4:14-15; I John 2:1

 

 
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Posted by on December 14, 2013 in God's Truth

 

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Doctrine of the Holy Spirit – Part 6

Holy Ghost

VI. Sins Against the Holy Spirit

A. By Unbelievers

1. Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit – Matthew 12:22-37 “Then was brought unto him one possessed with a devil, blind, and dumb: and he healed him, insomuch that the blind and dumb both spake and saw. And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of David? But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils. And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand: And if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; how shall then his kingdom stand? And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your children cast them out? therefore they shall be your judges. But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you. Or else how can one enter into a strong man’s house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind the strong man? and then he will spoil his house. He that is not with me is against me; and he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad. Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come. Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by his fruit. O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things. But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.”

Mark 3:22-30 ” And the scribes which came down from Jerusalem said, He hath Beelzebub, and by the prince of the devils casteth he out devils. And he called them unto him, and said unto them in parables, How can Satan cast out Satan? And if a kingdom be divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand. And if a house be divided against itself, that house cannot stand. And if Satan rise up against himself, and be divided, he cannot stand, but hath an end. No man can enter into a strong man’s house, and spoil his goods, except he will first bind the strong man; and then he will spoil his house. Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be forgiven unto the sons of men, and blasphemies wherewith soever they shall blaspheme: But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation. Because they said, He hath an unclean spirit.”

NOTE: A careful study of the above two texts (the only passages that speak of this sin) clearly show that Jesus was addressing unsaved people.

2. Resisting the Holy Spirit – Resist means “to fight against” – Acts 7:51-60 “Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye. Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers: Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it. When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with their teeth. But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God, And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God. Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran upon him with one accord, And cast him out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man’s feet, whose name was Saul. And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.”

B. By Believers

1. Quenching the Spirit – This is caused by not doing what the Spirit wants us to do. A sin of omission. 1 Thessalonians 5:19 “Quench not the Spirit.”

2. Grieving the Spirit – This is caused by doing what the Spirit does not want us to do. A sin of commission. Ephesians 4:30 “And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.”

3. Vexing the Spirit – To vex means “to wear down or to weary.” Isaiah 63:10 “But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.”

4. Lying to the Spirit – Acts 5:1-6 “But a certain man named Ananias, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession, And kept back part of the price, his wife also being privy to it, and brought a certain part, and laid it at the apostles’ feet. But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land? Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God. And Ananias hearing these words fell down, and gave up the ghost: and great fear came on all them that heard these things. And the young men arose, wound him up, and carried him out, and buried him.”

Keep your vows! – Ecclesiastes 5:1-7 “Keep thy foot when thou goest to the house of God, and be more ready to hear, than to give the sacrifice of fools: for they consider not that they do evil. Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and thou upon earth: therefore let thy words be few. For a dream cometh through the multitude of business; and a fool’s voice is known by multitude of words. When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for he hath no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed. Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest vow and not pay. Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh to sin; neither say thou before the angel, that it was an error: wherefore should God be angry at thy voice, and destroy the work of thine hands? For in the multitude of dreams and many words there are also divers vanities: but fear thou God.”

5. Tempting the Spirit – When two or more believers agree to do something together against the direction of the Holy Ghost. Acts 5:7-10 “And it was about the space of three hours after, when his wife, not knowing what was done, came in. And Peter answered unto her, Tell me whether ye sold the land for so much? And she said, Yea, for so much. Then Peter said unto her, How is it that ye have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? behold, the feet of them which have buried thy husband are at the door, and shall carry thee out. Then fell she down straightway at his feet, and yielded up the ghost: and the young men came in, and found her dead, and, carrying her forth, buried her by her husband.”

NOTE: Numbers 4 and 5 above are examples of “the sin unto death.” 1 Corinthians 11:27-30 “Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body. For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.” 1 John 5:16 “If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not say that he shall pray for it.”

6. Doing Despite unto the Spirit – Hebrews 10:29 “Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?” Despite means “to insult.” In this case – Hebrews 10:24-31 “And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. He that despised Moses’ law died without mercy under two or three witnesses: Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace? For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people. It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.” – it refers to insulting the Holy Spirit by a light, indifferent attitude towards church attendance and love for God’s people.

 

 
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Posted by on July 13, 2013 in God's Truth

 

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Theology – The Doctrine of God Part-2

II.The Natural Attributes of GodAttributes are the qualities or characteristics of a person or thing. Let us look at God’s natural attributes.

3rd quarter of 16th century

A. Transcendent – God is transcendent to both time and place. By this we mean He is above His creation. “For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite one.” (Isaiah 57:15) Today, many ‘Christians‘ tend to bring God down to their level, when it would be more benefit to keep Him high and lifted up as He deserves.

“And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven.” (John 3:13) Jesus was in both places at the same time! Wow! Now that is deep!

B. ImmanenceImmanence means that God is within His creation. (Again see Isaiah 57:15) and “One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.” (Ephesians 4:6) God is not only above and all around His creation, He is in His creation, especially dwelling within them who are believers in His Son. Therefore, nothing can be hidden from Him.

C. Eternal – God has no beginning nor ending. There is no past, present nor future with God. Only eternal present. He is not limited by time. “Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God.” (Psalm 90:2)

D. Infinite – God has no limitation in space. All of His attributes are without limit. He cannot be limited, as seen in the following verses: “But will God indeed dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have builded?” (1 Kings 8:27)

“Great is our Lord and of great power: his understanding is infinite.” (Psalm 147:5)

“Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the Lord. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the Lord.” (Jeremiah 23:24)

E. Immutable – God is unchangeable, invariable, and permanent. He is not capable of, nor susceptible to change. “For I am the Lord, I change not;” (Malachi 3:6)

“Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.” (James 1:17)

Sometimes, God changes in His judgments and decisions towards an individual or nation, based on their behavior – “And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.” (Genesis 6:6) But God never changes in His character. For instance, God will always be holy. He will never become unholy for ANYONE.

F. Omniscient – God is all knowing. He knows the future as well as the past. He knows all things, whether actual or merely possible. He knows things immediately and spontaneously. He knows the thoughts of man better than man knows himself. “Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure:” (Isaiah 46:10)

“Great is our Lord, and of great power: his understanding is infinite.” (Psalm 147:5)

“Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.” (Hebrews 4:13)

“O Lord, thou hast searched me, and known me. Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off. Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways. For there is not a word in my tongue, but, lo, O Lord, thou knowest it altogether.” (Psalm 139:1-4)

Omnicient-Omnipotent-Omnipresent....

G. Omnipresent – God is everywhere, present in the universe. “Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence? If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou art there. If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea; Even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me.” (Psalm 139:7-10)

“Am I a God at hand, saith the Lord, and not a God afar off? Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the Lord. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the Lord.” (Jeremiah 23:23-24)

H. Omnipotent – God is all powerful. He is able to do any thing He desires. “Then Job answered the Lord, and said, I know that thou canst do every thing, and that no thought can be withholden from thee.” (Job 42:1-2)

“Ah Lord God! behold, thou hast made the heaven and the earth by thy great power and stretched out arm, and there is nothing too hard for thee:” (Jeremiah 32:17)

“But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.” (Matthew 19:26)

“And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.” (Revelation 19:6)

He is called the Almighty God: “And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.” (Genesis 17:1)

He is also called the Lord God Almighty: “And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.” (Revelation 4:8)

 

 
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Posted by on January 13, 2013 in Eschatology

 

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